Every day a new disease news comes up. Every day we get to know what to eat, what animals to love and what to avoid. Every day what drugs good, what food actually poisoning us, news are messing up our world. The community is divided into two more every day. Every day we get confused more and more, and more paranoid every day. Whatever the reason, or whoever says, do not take conspiracy theories seriously. It is useful to listen to the authorities, on all the scientific facts. As a result, our health at risk affects our public health. In recent months, America has been fighting zombie deer disease. Based on our previous experiences, let’s listen to what the authorities say about the zombie deer disease, the scientific name and the chronic debilitating disease, which will not take too long to spread to our country and other countries.
Signs of Zombie Deer Disease (CDW)
The most prominent symptoms of the disease are that the animals affected by the virus are wandering in the forest, their mouths are irrigated, they are aggressive towards people when they are afraid, and they look lifeless. The disease is also known as chronic wasting disease CWD because of excessive weight loss. The worst part of the disease is that it is a non-cure prion disease rather than a transformation of the living creatures into zombies.
Prion disease is not known exactly how and why it occurs. It is known that the treatment of prion diseases, which are highly infectious diseases, cause some serious nervous system diseases that have not yet been found any solutions. Prion Diseases are misfolded proteins. In these diseases, which worsen within a few months after diagnosis, the patient loses their ability to talk and move in a short time and the disease results in death. Unfortunately, modern medicine has no solution for this disease.
This disease is currently only seen in deer.
Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is currently limited to deer. However, researchers at the University of Minnesota have warned local authorities that measures should be taken to prevent the transmission of the disease to people.
Michael Osterholm, Director of the Center for Research and Prevention of Infectious Diseases at the University of Minnesota, based on his experience with public health, looking at cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) transmission to humans in the 1980s & 1990s, and his professional opinion of extensive laboratory research, Chronic wasting disease (CWD) cases in humans in the years can be seen. According to some leading press organizations, the number of CWD cases seen in humans is quite significant.
There have been cases like this before
Osterholm knows, because he had lived a similar event before. Experts had long thought that BSE, another prion disease, had no possibility of transmission to humans, also known as bovine spongiform encephalopathy. They later realized that although rare, people who come into contact with an infected meat-eating or infected tissue are likely to get a derivative of Creutzfeld-Jakob disease.
Michael Osterholm is one of the experts in the British review committees that predicts that bovine spongiform encephalopathy can also be transmitted to humans. This is precisely why the researchers are now investigating whether the CWD will be transmitted to humans. A part of this study examines whether the disease is transmitted to mammals such as mice and hamsters. Disease transmitted to them but it certainly does not know how. In another research section, cases of people suffering from prion diseases or similar symptoms are examined. It is examined whether the cause of the disease is related to infected meat.
Common characteristics of examined cases
Over the years, disease control centers have investigated some of these cases. In the 1990s, experts examined the 3 deer hunters who had Creutzfeld-Jakob (CJD) disease and experts were also worried because of that the hunters being under 30 years of age. Because prion diseases take years to develop and are often difficult to diagnose at a young age. At the beginning of the 2000s, there were a few patients found with CJD disease, and with some unclear symptoms of prion disease, but with a few other neurological symptoms. Of these patients, three were found in the same food festivals, two of them suspected of having CJD, but one did not show any obvious signs of prion, except for signs of neurological deterioration that rapidly deteriorated. The common feature of all patients was that they all died shortly after the symptoms had occurred, and that, they had eaten their own hunted meat or had eaten meats by their acquaintances hunted. In all of these cases, the researchers found that the meat they ate was not from an area known to be infected with CWD or that there was no biological link with CWD and CJD. In fact, some of the cases could not be confirmed even with prion disease. This could all be a coincidence. As a result, the CJD ratio in areas with an infected deer population is not higher in any region in the United States. However, according to CDC reports, there is not enough information about CWD or CJD. Since the CWD appeared in a limited geographic region for many decades, it may not have affected enough people to recognize the disease clinically as human disease.
Rapidly spreading in the US
Chronic wasting disease, also known as zombie deer disease, was first observed in a wild deer in 1981. Because of the spread of the CWD in America, people’s exposure to CWD-bearing factors and their frequency may increase. The CWD, which began in Colorado and spread to Wyoming and Central and South West, was seen in 24 states by 2019. While most of these regions have low infection rates when looking at local animal populations, the infection rate of some is more than 10% or even 25% according to CDC.
There is a possibility of transmission of disease between species
According to Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID) Journal’s a review of 2012, when the CWD spreads to a species, the likelihood of spreading among other species is increasing. According to the study, potential inter-species CWD transmission may increase as the disease spreads and the prions spread to the environment. Some officials say that this transition process within the same species or between species can create selective pressure, which can help prions to move through previously impenetrable barriers. Although there is no clear evidence that the disease can reach people by crossing between species, both CDC and WHO (World Health Organization) take into account the possibility of this happening one day. Experts like Osterholm call for the production of tests that hunters can use to understand whether or not their hunted meats have been infected. Existing tests are quite expensive and are not available in all states. Researchers at the University of Minnesota are currently in the process of developing this test.
In the meantime, the CDC cannot provide a clear limit to whether or not a hunted meat will be consumed in infected areas. But the CDC warns, do not eat the meat of animals that appear diseased and do not touch the organs of these animals, especially the brain and spinal cord. In some states, it is possible to have a meat test by contacting local authorities. Whether it’s worth a risk or not is how much you love the meat or how much you love your life.